Also called: Bulging disc, Compressed disc, Herniated intervertebral disc, Herniated nucleus pulposus, Prolapsed disc, Ruptured disc, Slipped disc
The backbone, or spine, is made up of 26 bones called vertebrae. In between them are soft disks filled with a jelly-like substance. These discs cushion the vertebrae and keep them in place. A herniated disc is a disc that slips out of place or ruptures. If it presses on a nerve, it can cause back pain or sciatica.
• Back pain that spreads to the buttocks and legs, when the herniated disc is in the lower back
• Neck pain that spreads to the shoulders and upper arms, when the herniated disc is in the upper back
• Tingling or numbness
• Muscle spasms or weakness
With treatment, most people recover. It can take a long time. Treatments include rest, pain and anti-inflammatory medicines, physical therapy and sometimes surgery.
Losing weight can help, too.